固物研究生论坛 - Coseismic Radiation of the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake
In this study, we applied the compressive-sensing back-projection method (CS-BP) to invert for the coseismic radiation of the Wenchuan earthquake in multiple frequency bands. Our results show that the coseismic radiation of the Wenchuan earthquake is frequency-dependent and strongly associated with the fault geometries: low-frequency radiation sources are concentrated on smooth fault segments with large coseismic slip, while higher-frequency sources are mainly related to fault complexities (e.g., Xiaoyudong fault, Gaochuan fault-bend, Leigu fault-bend, and Nanba fault step-over). An acceleration of rupture speed from ~ 1.5 km/s to ~3.0 km/s is also observed near Xiaoyudong fault, where strong high-frequency energies were radiated. Our results reveal the role of rupture speed in mediating the relationship between coseismic radiation and fault complexities. On one hand, sudden changes of rupture speeds contribute to strong high-frequency radiation. On the other hand, fault complexities can also strongly affect the rupture speed: a sudden break of a large asperity is able to propel the acceleration, while rupture front may decelerate when it jumps across geometric barriers.